Levels of editing, guidelines for authors

For authors who may be seeking quotations below are guidelines from the Institute of Professional Editors:

<The tasks that an editor performs can be grouped broadly into three levels: substantive editing, copyediting and proofreading. 

A comprehensive edit involves all three levels of edit.

Substantive editing (sometimes called structural or content editing) aims to ensure that the structure, content, language, style and presentation of the document are suitable for its intended purpose and readership.

Copyediting aims to achieve accuracy, clarity and consistency in a document. It does not involve significant rewriting, providing a single authorial voice or tailoring text to a specific audience – these belong to a substantive edit.

Proofreading (usually called this but sometimes known as verification editing) involves checking that the document is ready to be published. It includes making sure that all elements of the document are included and in the proper order, all amendments have been inserted, the house or other set style has been followed, and all spelling or punctuation errors have been deleted.

All of these levels of edit are essential in producing a high-quality publication, whether on paper or onscreen. They are performed at different times in the publication process and are not necessarily performed only once.

The three levels usually overlap to some degree; an editor hired to do a copyedit is quite likely to also perform some of the tasks usually associated with a substantive edit.>

The above notes are given as guidelines to help with understanding of editing services no matter which service provider you contact.

Please message the page if you need further information or assistance. Advice is free and pricing of all service levels is competitive.


Tefal Optigrill +

Call to the Tefal Customer Helpline about a faulty product, the Tefal Optigrill+.
3 options are taken to tell you that they are only open Monday to Friday,
the product failed on a Saturday morning. A feeling of frustration occurs.


The call to Argos, the original retailer, is more re-assuring.
The phone call is followed by a visit to the local store who advise
they can supply a replacement plus a refund as the product is now cheaper.
Well done Argos for putting the customer first.


The product was purchased on the 31st May 2016 and only lasted 3 months
before developing a programming fault and there is a certain ironic humour
when the well-meaning assistant asks me if I’d like to buy a 3 year guarantee.


Note, should anybody read this.

This is not in the true spirit of a small stone in noticing things around you
and writing about them. It is more of a rant about manufacturers who sell
products that are not fit for purpose and to retailers who offer a 3 year guarantee
for a product that only lasted 3 months.
However, this is a true story, so it isn’t a small stone but is perhaps a rock in
my shoe in that it is annoying but not exactly life threatening.


For people considering buying the Tefal Optigrill+ there should be a range of options for
cooking chicken, fish, etc., but after 3 months our product only had the manual
temperature option available, which negates the reason for buying the product in the
first place. Fingers crossed the cheaper replacement functions correctly.